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Incorporation by Reference

Posted on October 5, 2017 | Posted in Construction, Five Liners

Trenchline Construction Inc. v. Unimac-United Mgmt Corp. 2017 Ont SCJ (MC)

Subcontractor claimed for standby charges for delay. There were 3 types: arrival at site without work to do; told not to attend site because there was no work to do; and working after the original substantial performance date. The subcontract documents were barebones but stated “Standard CCDC Contract applies.” This was enough for the Master to incorporate by reference the provisions in the CCDC documents dealing with delays. The Master refused to award the standby costs for a number of reasons, including (i) there was no evidence that the general promised in the subcontract to make the site available on every day of the subcontractor’s schedule for completing the work, (ii) there was no corroboration of payment of the claimed standby charges: no cheques, pay stubs, timesheets, or affidavits from the sub’s workers, and (iii) the claim for standby charges while the subcontractor was still working was, in reality, damages for lost revenue on other projects and nothing was proven in that regard.


Jonathan Speigel


Written by Jonathan Speigel Jonathan Speigel, the founding partner of Speigel Nichols Fox LLP, leads the litigation and construction practices.



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